Archives For Exodus

Exodus 40:1-38

May 5, 2011

The nation of Israel had finally completed the tabernacle according to the design God had given to Moses (Exodus 35:1-39:43). This endeavor was completed nearly one year following Israel’s exodus from Egypt. Moses blessed the people for their hard work and attention to every detail concerning the tabernacle (Exodus 39:42-43), which would become the center of religious worship for the Israelites. Since the children of Israel were on a journey to the Promised Land, the tabernacle was designed to be portable so that they could easily set it up and tear it down. After all the items of the tabernacle were built, the Lord spoke to Moses and commanded him to set up the tabernacle for the very first time (40:1-2). The Lord detailed the arrangement of the interior and exterior of the tabernacle (40:3-8), the consecration of the items used in the tabernacle (40:9-11), and the anointing of the priesthood who would be involved in the daily duties of the tabernacle (40:12-16). Moses obeyed did everything according to God’s command and they erected the tabernacle in the first month of the second year of their journey (40:16-33).

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Exodus 35:1-39:43

May 4, 2011

Israel’s exodus from Egypt (Exodus 12:31-42) had led them into the wilderness where they struggled to have faith in the God who had miraculously delivered them from bondage. Rather than trusting Him, Israel often turned their back on God and questioned Moses’ leadership; however, God repeatedly proved Himself by providing for and protecting the nation of Israel. In order to establish Israel as a nation, God gave them the Law which detailed how they could maintain a proper relationship with God and others. The Mosaic Law included the Ten Commandments (20:1-21), civil/religious ordinances (20:22-24:11), and ceremonial regulations for the tabernacle (24:12-31:18). Although Israel promised to obey God’s Law (Exodus 24:7), they quickly broke that promise by creating and worshiping a golden calf (Exodus 32). God was extremely angry and threatened to withdraw His presence from Israel (Exodus 33:1-6), but Moses’ prayer for mercy (Exodus 33:7-23) resulted in the Lord promising to journey with them. Moses made new tablets (see Exodus 32:19) and God wrote the Law on them once again (Exodus 34:1-9). The covenant between God and Israel was renewed.

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Exodus 34:1-35

May 3, 2011

God loved the nation of Israel. They were His chosen people and God desired them to become a “special treasure…a kingdom of priests and a holy nation” (Exodus 19:5-6). In order to establish them as a nation, God gave His Law to Moses and expected the people to obey. Although Israel agreed to obey God’s Law (Exodus 24:7), they quickly broke the covenant by worshiping a golden calf (Exodus 32) which resulted in God withdrawing His presence from the Israelites (Exodus 33:1-6). Moses begged God not to remove His presence, so the Lord honored Moses’ request and promised to accompany Israel on their journey to Canaan (Exodus 33:7-23). After granting His forgiveness, the Lord commanded Moses to cut two tablets of stone so that the Law could be written again (34:1). Moses then brought the stone tablets to Mount Sinai where the Lord descended in a cloud to meet with him (34:2-5). This second encounter between God and Moses lasted 40 days and during this time the Law was renewed. Upon his arrival on the mountain the Lord declared to Moses, “The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abounding in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children’s children to the third and the fourth generation” (34:6-7). When Moses heard these words he bowed in worship saying, “If now I have found grace in Your sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray, go among us, even though we are a stiff-necked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us as Your inheritance” (34:8-9).

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Exodus 33:1-23

May 2, 2011

God had given the Law to Moses in order to govern the nation of Israel in maintaining their relationship with God and others. The details of this Law were given to Moses on Mount Sinai and included the Ten Commandments (20:1-21), civil/religious ordinances (20:22-24:11), and ceremonial regulations for the tabernacle (24:12-31:18). Obedience to these regulations and commandments would result in Israel’s proper worship of God. Although the people had agreed to obey the Law (Exodus 24:7), they quickly rebelled when a golden calf was created and worshiped (Exodus 32). Moses begged for mercy on behalf of Israel, but God’s wrath was poured out on Israel for their disobedience and thousands died (Exodus 32:30-35). God commanded Moses to lead the people to the Promised Land, but His presence would not accompany them on the journey (33:1). Instead of God’s presence leading the children of Israel, an angel would go before them and drive out their enemies (33:2). When the people heard that God’s presence would no longer accompany them on the journey, they mourned (33:3-6).

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Exodus 32:1-35

April 28, 2011

When God had finished speaking with Moses on Mount Sinai, He gave him two stone tablets with the Law written on them (Exodus 31:18). This Law would govern the nation of Israel in a proper relationship with God and in maintaining healthy relationships with others. Obeying God’s Law would ensure God’s blessing on Israel, but disobedience would invite the judgment of God on the nation. In the 40 days Moses was meeting with God on the mountain he received the Ten Commandments (20:1-21), civil/religious ordinances (20:22-24:11), and ceremonial regulations for the tabernacle (24:12-31:18); however, the people became concerned about Moses being gone for so long so they said to Aaron, “Make us some gods who can lead us. We don’t know what happened to this fellow Moses, who brought us here from the land of Egypt” (32:1, NLT). More than a month before they had promised to obey all of God’s commands (Exodus 24:7), but their commitment to obey God soon turned to outright rebellion. In an apparent move to be similar to the other pagan nations surrounding them, Israel asked Aaron to fashion false gods so that they could worship them and receive guidance from these false deities. Without the slightest bit of hesitation, Aaron commanded that the people bring their gold to him and from that gold he fashioned a golden calf saying, “This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!” (32:2-4). Aaron also built an altar before the golden calf and the people “…rose early on the next day, offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play” (32:5-6). These words indicate that the nation had engaged in idol worship as well as immoral activities in an effort to honor God.

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Exodus 30:1-31:18

April 27, 2011 — 1 Comment

During Moses’ 40 day encounter with God on Mount Sinai, God provided him with the law and commandments so that Moses could teach the nation of Israel and lead them in obedience to God (Exodus 24:12). These tablets of stone recorded the Ten Commandments (20:1-21), civil/religious ordinances (20:22-24:11), and ceremonial regulations for the tabernacle, the center of worship for the Israelites (24:12-31:18). The ceremonial regulations included instructions concerning the tabernacle (Exodus 25-27), instructions concerning the priesthood (Exodus 28-29), and instructions concerning priestly service in the tabernacle (Exodus 30-31). Although some of the tabernacle furnishings were already discussed in Exodus 25:23-40, God provided the details of the altar of incense in Exodus 30:1-10. The discussion of the altar of incense here highlights the rituals surrounding this item in the tabernacle. The altar of incense was to be carefully constructed (30:1-5) and placed before the veil, which was before the ark of the covenant where God would meet with the priest (30:6). Aaron was commanded to burn incense on the altar twice a day, morning and evening (30:7-8). The recipe for making the incense was given in Exodus 30:34-38 (30:9). Once a year Aaron was to cleanse the altar with the blood from an atonement offering (30:10).

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Exodus 29:1-46

April 18, 2011 — 1 Comment

The tabernacle would become the center of worship for the nation of Israel and God provided very specific instructions concerning the furnishings of the tabernacle (Exodus 24:12-25:40), construction of the tabernacle (Exodus 26:1-37), and the attire of the priests (Exodus 27:1-28:43). Moses was receiving these instructions directly from God during their 40 day encounter on Mount Sinai (Exodus 24:18) and He wrote on tablets of stone the Ten Commandments (20:1-21), civil/religious ordinances (20:22-24:11), and ceremonial regulations (24:12-31:18). Obedience to these regulations and laws would help Israel become a “special treasure…a kingdom of priests and a holy nation” (Exodus 19:5-6). Since the presence of God would inhabit the Holy of Holies in the tabernacle, those who served in it were to be consecrated to the Lord. In Exodus 29 God details the ceremony for installing priests for service in the tabernacle. A young bull and two rams were to accompany a basket filled with unleavened bread, unleavened cakes, and unleavened wafers to the tabernacle courtyard where Aaron and his sons would also meet (29:1-4). Aaron was to be dressed in the priestly garments described in Exodus 28 and then anointed with oil (29:5-7). This anointing symbolized God’s consecration of him for priestly service in the tabernacle. Although Aaron’s sons were not to be anointed, they were dressed in priestly garments including tunics, sashes, and head coverings (29:8-9). These rituals would solidify them as the ones who possessed the right of the priesthood.

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Exodus 27:1-28:43

April 5, 2011 — 1 Comment

The tabernacle would soon become the center of worship for the Israelites and the place where God would dwell among His people. Since the children of Israel were still on their journey from Egypt (Exodus 12) to the land of Canaan, the tabernacle was portable and would accompany them through their wilderness wanderings. God provided very specific instructions to Moses concerning the tabernacle and its furnishings which included the ark of the covenant (Exodus 25:10-22), the table of showbread (Exodus 25:23-30), and the golden lampstand (Exodus 25:31-40; 27:20-21). All of these items were contained inside the tabernacle (Holy Place and Holy of Holies), but God also described two furnishings which were to be placed in the outer court of the tabernacle (Exodus 27:9-19): the altar of burnt offering/bronze altar (Exodus 27:1-8) and the bronze basin (Exodus 30:17-21). The altar of burnt offering was used for animal sacrifice and the bronze basin was used by the priests to cleanse their hands and feet before performing their duties in the tabernacle. Failure to use the bronze basin would result in the death of the priest (30:20-21).

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Exodus 26:1-37

March 24, 2011 — 1 Comment

Moses had gone up into Mount Sinai with Joshua where they remained forty days while God provided them with two tablets of stone with the law written on them (Exodus 24:12). The Mosaic Law written on stone tablets included the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-21) and civil/religious ordinances (Exodus 20:22-24:11) which, if obeyed, would help Israel maintain a right relationship with God and others. God also gave very specific instructions regarding the construction of the tabernacle and it’s furnishings such as the ark of the testimony (Exodus 25:10-22), the table of showbread (Exodus 25:23-30), and the gold lampstand (Exodus 25:31-40). The tabernacle would become symbolic of God’s presence dwelling among the people (Exodus 25:8) and served as the center of worship for the Israelites. Although the tabernacle was portable and accompanied Israel on their journey to Canaan, God gave specific instructions to Moses concerning the construction of the tabernacle.

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Exodus 24:12-25:40

March 22, 2011 — 8 Comments

After the Mosaic Covenant had been given by God and confirmed by the Israelites (Exodus 24:1-11), they were placed under the leadership of God and became a theocracy. The laws of God would now govern this young nation and help them maintain a proper relationship with God as well as each other. Following the giving of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-21) and the civil/religious ordinances (Exodus 20:22-24:11), Moses was called to Mount Sinai to meet with God, who would give him the laws written on tablets of stone so Moses could teach the people (24:12). Moses took Joshua with him to the mountain and left Aaron and Hur to watch over the people (24:13-14). “So Moses went into the midst of the cloud and went up into the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights” (24:13-18). During that forty days, God communicated to Moses that the tabernacle would become the central place of worship and all the details of it’s construction are found in Exodus 25:1-31:18. The tabernacle would be constructed from the voluntary offerings of the Israelites who would be provided with a list of materials needed to build the worship center (25:1-8). The tabernacle would become the sanctuary where God would dwell with His people (25:8). God then provided Moses the details concerning the furnishings of the tabernacle (25:9): the ark of the testimony (25:10-22), the table of showbread (25:23-30), and the gold lampstand (25:31-40).

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